Currently viewing the category: "CORPORATE INCOME TAX"

First, I have made three postings today. There is this report on North Dakota’s General Fund Revenues and Transfers. Below that is the Airline Boardings Report, and finally the most recent Employment/Unemployment report.

Concerning this report, second verse same as the first… Well, at least one thing that can be said about the projections purchased by the state is that they are consistent. That is, the same to be off by the same amount in each category every month.

At least that is the case with the amount they are off for the biennium to date. For a month to month comparison you would find some fairly with swings. For instance, with the individual income tax category they were short by about nine percent. That was blamed on people making the final adjustments on their 2013 income taxes. While that may be a valid reason it means that for the individual income taxes in North Dakota they were off by over 35 percent, and that is too much.

Incidentally, they were off by nearly that exact amount in the same time as the corporate income taxes. Also, in the insurance premium tax.

The worst category was the financial institutions tax. The projections
were off by 100 percent according to the OMB report. That hardly seems possible if any real economic effort was attempted.

Well, ignoring that waste of money, we can be happy that the report continues to very positive concerning North Dakota’s revenue. Even after the legislature’s attempt to cut taxes the state has collected nearly 20 percent more money to date than last biennium. We really are getting to a point where we need to consider some serious tax refunding to this state’s citizens.

 

Second verse same as the verse. A little…. You remember the song, and I don’t mean to be repetitive in my comments, but I just have to say this. Although it is not a great amount the legislative forecast at the end of April is off by even more than it was last month.

In total the amount received at the end of April is nearly 9% more than forecast. Last month that figure was 7.1%. The error is nearly 30% more than last month.

You might also remember that OMB said that a lot of the problem would be solved when income tax payers, especially the corporate, sent their final tax reports in and corrected for over payments they had made. Last month the corporate income tax collections were about 42% larger than the projections. This month that figure is about 39%. That is not much. The difference for the individual income taxes is less than 2%.

In sum, individual tax collections are nearly 36% larger than projected collections, and corporate nearly 39% larger. That is a lot.

The only account that is even close is sales tax collections. That is a peculiar account to be close given North Dakota’s still booming economy, and then to miss the income taxes by so much.

Remember, both income taxes were changed and state sales taxes remained the same. Seems to me Economy.com didn’t know how to adjust for changes to the income tax, both corporate and individual.

Finally, I will note again, and hope those in charge of preparing and voting on the next bienniums budget, keep in mind these continuing errors. If not, when the economy, even the growth in the economy, slows down we will find the North Dakota budget in deficit. With the total receipts being only about 9% greater than the projections income would be about $5 million dollars short if the two income tax accounts had been correct just to this point in the biennium, or $12 million at the end of the biennium if the North Dakota economy stays like this. We easily could handle that, but if it continues through the time that will amount to a significant amount-something unnecessary.

 

Last year, 2013, the Grand Forks city building permit dollar value totaled just over $212 million. That was a record for the city. This year to date, that is January through April totaled nearly $79 million while in that record last year in the same time period the amount was not quite $24 million. That is, through April the amount is over three times last years figure at the same time.

Now with so many projects already started there is probable fewer projects that the contractors have the time to enter into yet this year, plus we don’t know what the weather holds for us. Still…? Imagine, especially if local contractors can get more help, or if contractors come in to Grand Forks to bid on contracts what this would do for the years totals.

True East Grand Forks is down by about 20 percent, but that was higher than normal last year because of one large commercial project. This year there is nothing there. That is what happens with one project in a small town. East Grand Forks building has been what we should expect as an average on a year to year basis.

Anyway, this is great for Grand Forks, and really the entire metro area. Things like this can go a long way towards making up for the lack of Canadian trade. I think we have a good year coming, or really already started, here in Grand Forks.

 

Another month and another opportunity to see how fortunate North Dakota has been for these past few years, and how far off they are in the projections of revenues they have purchased.

First of all, concerning the revenues, even after some very large tax cuts put in place by the last legislative session and signed by the Governor, revenues are up by nearly 21 % compared to the same time as the last biennium.

Now that is just over 7 % of the projected amounts. Compared to what we thought we purchased some will say that is pretty good, at least compared to previous projections. However, as always, the devil is in the details, and I don’t think that is so good.

Sales taxes are off by less than 4 % and that is not bad. Auto purchases, or the revenues from them are off by less than 11 % and that isn’t bad either.

The other big categories are corporate and individual income taxes and they are off about 37 % and 42 %. That is, the revenues from these taxes are that much more than expected and yet the total revenue is only up about 7 %. That means that without those large amounts of extra revenue we would be in a deficit situation and that would be a critical situation, a very critical deficit situation. If the economy slows down with three fourths of the biennium left North Dakota will need its reserve revenues and the psychological effects of that will be very difficult on its economy.

I do not want to be the boy who cried wolf, but I think this proves again the critical need to get a better economic projection. We are, I think, living off our good fortune. We can not continue doing this, or so I think.

 

Should we call it “The Perfect Storm”? I, along with most economists who write about agriculture because it is so important to those areas we are writing about have been saying crop prices are going to go down and that means the incomes we look at are going to decline.

We apparently were right. If you read Moody’s Analytics chart of wheat and soybeans, two important ND crops, that is what has been happening. Their prices are declining. As always I am surprised about Moody’s analysis. Where is the corn. It isn’t on the chart and it certainly has become important to ND. So too have been dry beans and they are also not charted.

So, take the figures with a grain of salt, no, at least a half teaspoon of salt. With what they show though wheat and soybean prices are more than 20 percent about the 2010 base. Of course in 2011 and 2012 they both were as much as 60 percent higher than in 2010 and that is significant. If they were shown, so too would corn and dry beans. Moody’s show all food commodities at about 25 percent above the 2010 average, down from a peak in late 2012 of about 35 percent above the 2010 base of 100.

If you don’t believe that has made a difference just drive by the implement dealers lots and look at all the machinery in their lots. If that doesn’t convince you go inside and ask a salesman. Watch their eyes.

As for Moody’s projections, they are only short about a percent a one-half in sales taxes. That is certainly within the realm of acceptability. However, individual income tax collections are nearly 40 percent above their predictions and so too the corporate income taxes, collections more than 40 percent above their predictions. Auto sales excise taxes are 10 percent short of what they predicted.

They are so far off on so many accounts that when it comes to the bottom line the net figure collected is only a little more than 6 percent greater than their predictions.

This begins to get complicated, but please note: The general fund cap for oil and gas taxes contains two tiers. The first tier of $200.0 million was reached in October 2013. Additional oil taxes will flow to the property tax relief fund until that fund receives $341.8 million, after which time the general fund will receive an additional $100.0 million. Total production and extraction tax collections were $250.3 million in February 2014. Monthly allocations to the property tax relief fund were $73.4 million; allocations to the legacy fund were $69.6 million.

Standby. A significant negative in collections could lead to an interesting situation before the biennium is completed. I don’t know the people in OMB, and I have tried to keep my comments from being partisan in anyway, but I am glad that Jack Dalrymple is the Governor. They may have a tiger to ride before the biennium is over.